Answered By: Eric Jeitner
Last Updated: Dec 05, 2016     Views: 27

"Peer review" is a process by which an article is evaluated for publication. Typically:

  1. A research article is submitted for publication to an academic journal or periodical.
  2. Copies of the article are reviewed by academic "peers" (credentialed professionals of the same discipline as the subject written about in the article), who determine whether or not the article is worthy of publication.
  3. If all reviewers agree, the article is published. Otherwise, they might reject it with requests for corrections, additional research, or further development of specific ideas.

Because the peer reviewers are experts in the author's academic field, this process greatly increases the reliability of a document. It is the highest standard for credibility in academia.